The features of interaction between mothers and their children aged 15-18 during psycho-emotional outbursts

Keywords: adolescents; psycho-emotional state; mothers; aggression; interaction.


Annotation. The aim of the study is to analyze the influence of mother's reaction during psycho-emotional outbursts in children aged 15-18 on the development of adolescent aggression. The participants of the study were asked to answer the questions in the questionnaire called “The Questionnaire of Mothers of Teenagers Aged 15-18” which included a separate block of questions namely “What do you do when your child has outbursts of irritability or temper tantrums, when he/she gets extremely angry? Subsequently, the participants’ substantive responses were selected and analyzed. The study covered 864 adolescents aged 15-18 (425 people – a group of aggressive adolescents, 439 respondents – a group of non-aggressive teenagers). The analysis considered the difference in distribution between aggressive and non-aggressive groups when exposed to certain factors. Information base – international program ELSPAC – Ukrainian fragment “Family and Children of Ukraine”. Statistical processing of information – Microsoft Office 2003, 2010, “IBM SPSS Statistics 20.0”, “Microsoft Office Excel 2010”. The difference was determined at p<0.05. The analysis of the methods for raising a child used in an attempt to “quench” emotional outbursts in adolescents showed that among the studied methods of calming down a child were identified those methods that had a positive effect on his psycho-emotional state i.e. allowing him/her to cry (42.9% in the aggressive group and 57.1% in the non-aggressive group); neutral methods, for example, comforting with talking (63.6% and 36.4% by groups, respectively), and methods that had a negative impact i.e. forcing a child to go away (83.3% and 16.7%, respectively); getting into a war of words, shouting at him (71.8% and 28.2%, respectively); leaving a child with someone (65.6% and 34.4%, respectively), threatening a child (75.0% and 25.0%, respectively) or beating him/her (81.4% and 18.6%, respectively). Thus, the study found that the interviewed mothers rarely used parenting methods that have a positive effect, and vice versa, they used approaches that did not have a calming effect, which negatively influenced the psycho-emotional state of adolescents.


[1] Aryev, R. O. (2010). Причини агресивної поведінки підлітків [Causes of aggressive behavior of adolescents]. Педагогіка і психологія – Pedagogy and psychology, 1, 94-100.

[2] Bandura, A., & Walters, R. (2000). Подростковая агрессия [Teenage aggression]. М.: Апрель-Пресс: ЭКСМО-Пресс – Moscow: April-Press: EKSMO-Press.

[3] Barnes, S. E., Howell, K. H., Thurston, I. B., & Cohen, R. (2017). Children’s attitudes toward aggression: associations with depression, aggression, and perceived maternal/peer responses to anger. J. Child. Fam. Stud., 26, 748-758. DOI:10.1007/s10826-016-0612-5

[4] Bass, A., & Darkey, A. (2013). (2013). Концепция агрессии/враждебности: учебник [The concept of aggression / hostility: textbook]. Екатеринбург – Yekaterinburg.

[5] Belonozhko, A. V., & Levchenko, T. I. (2011). Формирование агрессивности в подростковом возрасте [Formation of aggressiveness in adolescence]. Научные труды SWORLD – Scientific works of SWORLD, 2, 51-54.

[6] Buttner, K. (1991). Жить с агрессивными детьми [Live with aggressive children]. Москва: Просвещение – Moscow: Enlightenment.

[7] Calvete, E., Gamez-Guadix, M., Orue, I., Gonzalez-Diez, Z., Lopez de Arroyabe, E., Sampedro, R., … & Borrajo, E. (2013). Brief report: The adolescent child-to-parent aggression questionnaire: an examination of aggressions against parents in Spanish adolescents. J. Adolesc., 36(6), 1077-1081. DOI: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2013.08.017

[8] Cheprakova, E. A. (2011). Влияние стиля взаимодействия с родителями на агрессивное поведение подростков (Дис. канд. пед. наук) [The influence of the style of interaction with parents on the aggressive behavior of adolescents (Dis. Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences)]. Москва, Московский городской психолого-педагогический университет – Moscow, Moscow City Psychological and Pedagogical University.

[9] Dumbleton, K. & Jones, L. (2009). Don’t compromise with your teenagers. Contact Lens Spectrum, 24(2), 24.

[10] Egorova, U. G. (2012). Особенности родительско-детских отношений в семьях подростков с отклоняющимся поведением [Features of parent-child relationships in families of adolescents with deviant behavior]. В: Актуальные проблемы воспитания и образования: сб. науч. статей [In: Actual problems of upbringing and education: collection of scientific. articles], 12, 27-36.

[11] Egorova, U. G. (2013). Взаимосвязь родительского отношения и конфликтности подростков [The relationship between parenting and adolescent conflict]. Известия Самарского научного центра РАН – Bulletin of the Samara Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 2(4), 964-968.

[12] Egorova, U. G. (2013). Паттерны поведения детей как результат семейного воспитания [Children's behavior patterns as a result of family education]. В: Наука в высшей школе: проблемы интеграции и инновации, Материалы X междунар. (XIII Всеросc.) конф. (22-23 мая 2013) [In: Science in Higher Education: Problems of Integration and Innovation, Materials of the X Intern. (XIII All-Russian) conf. (May 22-23, 2013)]. Самара – Samara.

[13] Gaidamashko, I. A. (2009). Вплив стилів сімейного виховання на розвиток агресії підлітків [The influence of family upbringing styles on the development of adolescent aggression]. Науковий вісник УжНУ. Серія: Педагогіка. Соціальна робота – Scientific Bulletin of Uzhhorod National University. Series: Pedagogy. Social work, 16-17, 28-29.

[14] Gaidamashko, I. A. (2011). Помилки сімейного виховання як фактор виникнення агресивної поведінки підлітків [Mistakes of family upbringing as a factor in the emergence of aggressive behavior of adolescents]. Науковий вісник УжНУ. Серія: Педагогіка. Соціальна робота – Scientific Bulletin of Uzhhorod National University. Series: Pedagogy. Social work, 21, 38-40.

[15] Galich, G. O., Karpushkina, E. A., & Korchagina, L. N. (2010). Профилактика девиантного поведения детей и подростков [Prevention of deviant behavior in children and adolescents]. Известия ПГПУ – Izvestia PSPU, 20, 84-91.

[16] Gippenreiter, Yu. B. (2009). Общаться с ребенком. Как? [Communicate with your child. How?]. М.: Сфера – M.: Sphere.

[17] Gippenreiter, Yu. B. (2009). Продолжаем общаться с ребенком. Итак? [We continue to communicate with the child. So?]. М.: АСТ – M.: AST.

[18] Istratova, O. N. (2004). Причины детской конфликтности в периоды возрастных кризисов [Causes of children's conflict during periods of age crises]. Известия Южного фед. ун-та – Bulletin of the Southern Federal University, 3, 226-230.

[19] Kholkovskaya, I. L. (2016). Взаємодія класного керівника з сім’єю у процесі профілактики девіантної поведінки підлітків [Interaction of the class teacher with the family in the process of prevention of deviant behavior of adolescents]. Наукові записки Вінниц. держ. педаг. університету ім. М. Коцюбинського. Серія: Педагогіка і психологія – Scientific notes of Vinnytsia. state pedagogue. University. M. Kotsyubynsky. Series: Pedagogy and Psychology, 45, 49-54. Retrieved from

[20] Larsen, D., & Dehle, C. (2007). Rural adolescent aggression and parental emotional support. Adolescence, 42(165), 25-50.

[21] Margolin, G., & Baucom, B. (2014). Adolescents' aggression to parents: longitudinal links with parents' physical aggression. J. Adolesc. Health, 55(5). DOI: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.05.008

[22] Moiseeva, O. E. (2015). Агресія підлітків: причини виникнення та можливості психокорекції [Adolescent aggression: causes and possibilities of psychocorrection]. Юридична психологія – Legal psychology, 1, 139-148. Retrieved from

[23] Pillai, S. (2020). Anger management in teens: techniques and tips to try. Retrieved from

[24] Ramsden, S. R., & Hubbard, J. A. (2002). Family expressiveness and parental emotion coaching: Their role in children’s emotion regulation and aggression. J. Abnormal. Child. Psychology, 30(6), 657-667.

[25] Shuncheva, O. V. (2016). Особенности проявления агрессивности в подростковом возрасте [Features of the manifestation of aggressiveness in adolescence]. Инновационная наука – Innovative Science, 2-4(14), 198-200.

[26] Smirnova, E. O., & Kholmogorova, V. M. (2010). Конфликтные дети [Conflict children]. Москва – Moscow.

[27] Smyk, Yu. V. (2004). Жестокость родительского воздействия как фактор агрессивного поведения подростков. (Дис. канд. психол. наук) [The cruelty of parental influence as a factor in the aggressive behavior of adolescents. (Dis. cand. psychol. sciences)]. Иркутск – Irkutsk.

[28] Solomina, L. A. (2017). Влияние стиля семейного воспитания на агрессивное поведение детей [The influence of the style of family education on the aggressive behavior of children]. Практическая психодиагностика – Practical psychodiagnostics, 10, 108-114. DOI: 10.17238/issn1998-5320.2017.30.108

[29] Tarasova, Ye. V. (2008). Специфика проявлений агрессивности ребенка при различных типах детско-родительских отношений (Дис. канд. психол. наук) [Specificity of manifestations of aggressiveness of the child in different types of parent-child relationships ((Dis. cand. psychol.)]. Москва – Мoscow.

[30] Volkova, E. M. (2011). Трудные дети и трудные родители [Difficult children and difficult parents]. Психология – Psychology, 8, 16-18.

[31] Zimeleva, Z. A. (2001). Агрессивное поведение подростков и личность родителей [Aggressive behavior of adolescents and the personality of parents]. Психологическая наука и образования – Psychological Science and Education, 4, 22-27.
How to Cite
Horban, N., Bondarenko, N., Lapikura, O., & Nedilko, I. (2021). The features of interaction between mothers and their children aged 15-18 during psycho-emotional outbursts. Reports of Vinnytsia National Medical University, 25(3), 480-484.