Modern views on anthropometric variability of the upper airway (literature review)

Keywords: upper airway, comparative anatomy, somatic constitution, cephalometric parameters.


Annotation. The versatility and complexity of the structure of the upper airway is the subject of research by researchers in various fields of medicine. In particular, the greatest attention is paid to infectious diseases, injuries and their consequences, congenital pathologies of the upper airway. However, to understand certain processes in the human body, in particular pathological, it is necessary to know which indicators of the upper airway should be considered normal and what can affect their value. The purpose of this work is to systematize information and acquaint with modern views on anthropometric variability of the upper airway. To achieve this goal, an analysis of literature sources not older than 10 years, included in the scientometric databases Scopus, Web of Science and Google Academy. A study of scientific papers has shown that the most effective and appropriate method of studying the indicators of the upper airway for further anthropometric analysis is a cephalometric study. The analysis of foreign literature showed the importance of the influence of such factors as sex, age, nationality and structural features of cranial and dental-maxillary parameters on the cephalometric parameters of the upper airway. In the analysis of the domestic literature, research performed in this direction was not found. Thus, conducting research to identify normative cephalometric indicators of the upper airway in the Ukrainian population, taking into account the experience of foreign scientists is a promising and relevant area of research for both theoretical and clinical medicine in Ukraine.


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How to Cite
Kostiuchenko-Faifor, O. S. (2021). Modern views on anthropometric variability of the upper airway (literature review). Reports of Vinnytsia National Medical University, 25(2), 340-343.