Some characteristics of social support for patients with depressive disorders


  • O. O. Belov
  • N. G. Pshuk
Keywords: depressive disorders, social support, family, friends, significant others.

Abstract

Annotation. In order to study the features of social support, a survey of 245 patients with depressive disorders was conducted using a multidimensional scale of perception of social support (MSPSS) D. Zimet as modified by V.M. Yaltonsky and N.A. Sirota. Statistical analysis of the data was carried out using the licensed software package Statistica 13 (StatSoft Inc., USA). The Shapiro-Wilk test, the Mann-Whitney test, the nonparametric method of Spearmen’s rank correlations was used at p<0.05. Low levels of social support for patients with depression in general, and from family, friends and significant others, with the highest level of social support patients associate with friends, slightly lower – with family, and the lowest – with significant others. There is a decrease in the level of social support with increasing age of patients, most pronounced in the age group of 45 years and older. Sex-related differences were found: lower levels of social support for men than for women, and greater importance for women from family support, and for men from friends and significant others. The presence of inverse correlations of mostly moderate strength between the level of social support and the severity of psychopathological symptoms, with the closest correlations for hostility (rS=-0.551), depression (rS=-0.541) and reactive anxiety (rS=-0.478), and a direct correlation of mostly moderate strength between the level of social support and the state of psychosocial adaptation (rS=0.441), emotional comfort (rS=0.406), internality (rS=0.378), self-acceptance (rS=0.354), acceptance of others (rS=0.343), indicators of quality of life in areas of subjective wellbeing / satisfaction (rS=0.413), fulfillment of social roles (rS=0.405), external living conditions (rS=0.401) and integral indicator of quality of life (rS=0.443), indicators of hardiness (rS=0.516), including commitment (rS=0.515), control (rS=0.444) and challenge (rS=0.332). The identified patterns should be taken into account in the development of treatment, rehabilitation and prevention measures for patients with depressive disorders.

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Published
2021-06-24
How to Cite
Belov, O. O., & Pshuk, N. G. (2021). Some characteristics of social support for patients with depressive disorders. Reports of Vinnytsia National Medical University, 25(2), 325-328. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31393/reports-vnmedical-2021-25(2)-25
Section
SOCIAL MEDICINE, ORGANIZATION OF HEALTH PROTECTION