Effect of sex on the levels of galanin and adiponutrin in hypertensive patients with obesity
Annotation. Hypertension is a complex disease that affects several organ systems and today remains the leading modified risk factor for cardiovascular disease, which is a major cause of disability and mortality in both men and women. The aim of the study was to assess the peculiarities of hormonal activity of adipose tissue, namely serum levels of galanin and adiponutrin, in hypertension in combination with obesity in men and women. 58 people were examined, including 32 women and 26 men with 1-3 degrees of hypertension and 20 healthy people. Patients were measured blood pressure in a sitting position after 5 minutes of rest, performed anthropometric measurements, evaluated lipid profile, carbohydrate metabolism. To determine the level of adiponutrin and galanin, an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used. Statistical computer processing of the results was performed using the software package “Statistica 10” (StatSoft Inc.). Significantly higher serum levels of galanin were found in the main group of women compared with the control group (147.99 vs. 30.58 pkg / ml, p<0.001), and higher values were in the group with hypertension of degree 3 as opposed to 1-2 degrees (166.48 pkg / ml vs. 52.64 pkg / ml, p<0.001). Patients with this comorbid pathology had higher serum levels of adiponutrin in men (6.94 vs. 1.55 pkg / ml, respectively, the main and control groups, p<0,001), but given the degree of obesity, the prevalence was in obese women 2-3 degrees (14.15 vs. 11.33 pkg / ml). Thus, based on the above, we can assume that the degree of hypertension and obesity are provoking factors in increasing these adipokines. In the future, it is advisable to conduct further studies to assess the activity of adipokines, namely galanin and adiponutrin in view of sexual characteristics.
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