Features of total, longitudinal and transverse body sizes in men of the general group of patients with mild and severe psoriasis
Annotation. The constitutional approach is a valuable tool in the hands of practicing dermatologists, which allows an individual approach to the diagnosis and treatment of patients with psoriasis. The aim of the study was to examine the differences in total, longitudinal and transverse body sizes between healthy and/or psoriatic men depending on the severity of the disease. Anthropometric examination according to Bunak was performed for 32 men of the first mature age in patients with mild and 68 men with severe psoriasis. The PASI index was used to clinically assess the severity and area of psoriatic lesions. As a control from the data bank of the research center of National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya anthropometric data of 82 practically healthy men of the same age group were selected. Statistical data processing was performed in the license package “Statistica 5.5” using non-parametric methods of evaluation of the obtained results. In patients with mild and severe psoriasis compared with healthy men found: lower values – pubic height (by 3.2 % and 5.4 %) and trochanter (by 8.2 % and 7.0 %) anthropometric points, shoulder width (by 19.6 % and 19.0 %) and the width of the distal epiphysis of the shin (by 5.2 % and 4.8 %); greater values – body weight (by 20.1 % and 17.5 %), body length (by 1.7 % in mild course), body surface area (by 10.0 % and 7.8 %), height of suprasternal (by 3.0 % and 1.5 %), acromial (by 2.3 % and 1.0 %) and finger (by 6.1 % and 4.4 %) anthropometric points, width of the distal epiphysis of the shoulder (by 6.9 % and 5.7 %), forearm (by 3.3 % in mild course) and thigh (by 10.3 % and 7.1 %), mid-thoracic diameter (by 16.5 % and 16.3 %), transverse lower thoracic diameter (by 16.5 % and 15.7 %), anterior-posterior mid-thoracic diameter (by 17.7 % and 20.2 %), interspinous (by 12.2 % and 12.1 %), intercristal (by 13.4 % and 11.7 %) and intertrochanteric (by 11.3 % and 10.4 %) distances. Differences in the studied body size in patients with varying degrees of psoriasis found. Thus, in patients with mild psoriasis, compared with patients with severe psoriasis, higher values were found for: body length (by 1.6 %); heights of suprasternal (by 1.5 %), pubic (by 2.1 %) and finger (by 1.4 %) anthropometric points; width of the distal epiphysis of the forearm (by 2.3 %). Thus, pronounced differences in total, longitudinal and transverse dimensions between healthy and patients with mild and severe psoriasis were revealed by Ukrainian men of the first mature age. Between patients with varying degrees of severity of dermatosis, most differences are found only for longitudinal body size.
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