The effect of sclerotherapy and pre-pregnancy training with inositol and vitamin D3 on the size and number of cysts in women with infertility on the background of endometriosis


  • I. I. Kulik
  • S. V. Khmil
Keywords: infertility, genital endometriosis, sclerotherapy, inositol, vitamin D3 preparation, efficacy.

Abstract

Annotation. Among gynecological diseases, external genital endometriosis leads to disorders of reproductive function and promotes the development of infertility. Currently, the search for less traumatic and more effective treatments for endometriosis continues. The aim of our study was to analyze the diameter of endometrioid cysts in women with infertility on the background of endometriosis before and after sclerotherapy using pre-pregnancy preparation of a complex vitamin preparation with inositol and vitamin D3. The study included 105 women aged 22 to 40 years with endometriosis-associated infertility. The presence of cysts was confirmed by ultrasound and bimanual examination. The drug FT 500 plus was prescribed in a dosage of 1 sachet – once a day from the 2nd or 3rd day of the cycle for 2 menstrual cycles (the cycle in which sclerotherapy was performed and the next cycle). Vitamin D3 “EuTilia D3” was prescribed in prophylactic doses of 2000 IU to women, or therapeutic (depending on the diagnosed or refuted diagnosis of vitamin D hypovitaminosis). The sclerotherapy procedure was performed by transvaginal puncture of the cyst and aspiration of its contents under the control of transvaginal ultrasound, introduction into the capsule of the cyst (without violating its integrity) 76% ethanol solution. It was found that women with endometriosis-associated infertility, who underwent pre-pregnancy preparation with a complex vitamin preparation with inositol and vitamin D3 after sclerotherapy, probably decreased the diameter of cysts in the right (5.85 times) and left (5.57 times) ovaries relative to data before sclerotherapy. When comparing the diameter of cysts in women who underwent pre-pregnancy preparation with a complex vitamin preparation with inositol and vitamin D3, depending on the type of surgery (sclerotherapy or cystectomy) found a probable decrease in the diameter of cysts after sclerotherapy in the right (82.89%) and left (82.05%) ovaries for such data after cystectomy. Therefore, sclerotherapy with pregravidar preparation with a complex vitamin preparation with inositol and vitamin D3 in women with endometriosis-associated infertility probably reduces the diameter of cysts relative to the experimental group without pregravidar preparation, as well as to the group with a history of cystectomy.

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Published
2020-10-12
How to Cite
Kulik, I. I., & Khmil, S. V. (2020). The effect of sclerotherapy and pre-pregnancy training with inositol and vitamin D3 on the size and number of cysts in women with infertility on the background of endometriosis. Reports of Vinnytsia National Medical University, 24(3), 444-448. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31393/reports-vnmedical-2020-24(3)-12