Issues of stigmatization to mental patients from medical students and medical staff of psychiatric institutions and measures for its minimization


Keywords: mental health, mental patients, stigmatization, self-stigmatization, medical students of higher education, medical workers in psychiatric institutions.

Abstract

Annotation. The aim of the study was to identify the presence of stigmatization among students of medical educational institutions and medical stuff of psychiatric institutions toward mental patients, to establish the causes and develop measures to minimize it. Methods were used in the work: bibliosemantic, historical, content analysis, as well as a questionnaire method using a specially designed questionnaire. Using Telegram, Microsoft Excel 2003 software, 1062 students were interviewed anonymously of 4–5 courses of medical institutions of higher education of Ukraine. The average age of students ranged from 20 to 22 years – 913 (85.9 %); from 23 to 24 years old – 119 (11.3 %) and from 25 to 26 years old – 30 (2.8 %). It was found that 93.8% of respondents from the total number of students surveyed are convinced that people with mental illness need special treatment; 87.9 % – were convinced that people who have mental illness pose a threat to society; 17.3 % respondents witnessed the humiliation of mental patients by working medical personnel in the presence of medical students. It is a fact, but in 2.1 % of cases, future doctors allowed themselves to offend patients who were hospitalized in psychiatric healthcare facilities during training. Thus, the inheritance of the Soviet system of medical education in the field of training young specialists for the mental health sector in Ukraine, which, unfortunately, has not experienced significant structural changes, is reflected in the behavior of the working medical personnel of psychiatric hospitals and the views of future doctors. Stigmatization of mental patients was carried out by every fourth medical worker (24.5 %) in psychiatric institutions in Odessa and every fifth medical worker in psychiatric institutions in Poltava (21.4 %) and Chernivtsi (20.9 %), which is violation of the moral and ethical principles of the doctor's behavior and unacceptable. The stigmatization of the mentally ill by medical students of medical schools is 2.1 %, which indicates that students use the negative example of the medical personnel of psychiatric institutions for their future medical activities.

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Published
2020-10-12
How to Cite
Chorna, V., Makhnyuk, V., Khliestova, S., Gumeniuk, N., & Khliestova, I. (2020). Issues of stigmatization to mental patients from medical students and medical staff of psychiatric institutions and measures for its minimization. Reports of Vinnytsia National Medical University, 24(2), 309-315. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31393/reports-vnmedical-2020-24(2)-19
Section
SOCIAL MEDICINE, ORGANIZATION OF HEALTH PROTECTION