Components of the effectiveness of practical training in clinical microbiology of the doctors-interns of surgical profile
Annotation. Practical training is the main type of training for interns, during which practical skills are formed and clinical thinking of future surgical specialists is improved. The purpose is to determine the components of the effectiveness of practical training in clinical microbiology for physicians-interns of surgical profile. In the teaching of clinical microbiology in practice, it is important to clearly differentiate the thematic focus, considering the future specialty of the intern. Interns for surgeons and traumatologists need to know the biological characteristics of aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms involved in the complication of gunshot wounds. It is advisable to dedicate one of the practical lessons to the future aspects of laboratory diagnostics and the use of biological products in the treatment of vaginosis for future obstetricians-gynecologists. For ophthalmologists, it is extremely important to have a practical training session on microorganisms that infect the cornea, causing viral, bacterial, fungal, protozoal keratitis; We emphasize the risks of contact lens-related infections. Surgical profile interns at clinical microbiology classes study and practically work out methods of microbiological examination of pathological material isolated from patients, master the skills of interpretation of the obtained results, and decide on etiotropic treatment of the patient. A necessary component of training interns of a surgical profile in clinical microbiology is the implementation of multicontrol of the level of knowledge, knowledge of modern aspects of diagnostics and interpretation of the obtained results. Based on the criteria obtained, the intern can make the right decision and interpret any clinical situation.
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