Antimicrobial polymers with immobilized active groups for use in medicine
Annotation. Polymeric materials with immobilized active groups are widely used in medicine. Some of them have pronounced antimicrobial properties and, to a certain extent, are alternatives to antibiotics. The aim of this research is to study the properties of new polymeric materials with immobilized groups-donors of active chlorine and active oxygen. Polymers of the FIBAN brand in the form of staple fiber and non-woven fabric, which are convenient for the manufacture of dressings, have been used as carriers. A special technology has been developed for the chemical grafting of N-chlorosulfonamide and peroxycarboxylic functional groups on them. The synthesized materials retain appropriate physical and mechanical properties and are stable enough. The antimicrobial activity of these materials has been studied in vitro with the modified method of “agar plates”. It has been proven that all of them have powerful microbicidal properties, especially against S. aureus, which is extremely important, given that these microorganisms are one of the most common multi-resistant pathogens. The antimicrobial and wound healing activity of N-chlorosulfonamide material in vivo has been studied on artificially infected wounds of laboratory rats. The polymer has been used as a component of the sticky wound dressing. It has been found that the use of such dressings reduces the number of pathogenic staphylococci 4–10 times and accelerates reparative processes. Thus, the synthesized polymers with immobilized active groups are effective local antimicrobial agents and can be recommended as components of wound dressings. It is advisable to further study their hemostatic properties, subchronic and chronic toxicity, their effect on basic biochemical parameters, as well as the study of the chemical composition of the different environments that are processed with them.
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