Features of teleroentgenographic indices determined by the methods of Bjork, Sassouni, Jarabak and Kim (scientific literature analysis)

  • V. V. Vakhovskyi National Pirogov Memorial Medical University, Vinnytsya, Ukraine
Keywords: teleroentgenography, methods of Bjork, Sassouni, Jarabak and Kim


The purpose of this work is to analyze the current scientific literature on the features and use of cephalometric analysis methods of lateral teleroentgenograms by Bjork, Sassouni, Jarabak and Kim methods. The analysis is based on a review of current literary sources for 2010–2019, using scientometric databases eLIBRARY.RU, PubMed and Web of Science. An analysis of the literature on Bjork, Sassouni, Jarabak and Kim methods indicates that in order to effectively introduce them into the practice of orthodontists in Ukraine, it is necessary to determine the characteristics of teleroentgenographic indices for each of them for the local population, considering age and gender.


1. Alam, M. K., Basri, R., Purmal, K., Sikder, M. A., Saifuddin, M., & Iida, J. (2012). Determining cephalometric norms for Bangladeshi adult using Bjork-Jarabaks' analysis. International Medical Journal, 19 (4), 329–332.

2. Alshahrani, I., Kamran, M. A., Alhaizaey, A., & Abumelha, N. (2018). Evaluation of skeletal variations and establishment of Cephalometric Norms in Saudi Sub Population using Bjork Jarabak’s analysis. Pakistan journal of medical sciences, 34 (5), 1104–1109. doi: 10.12669/pjms.345.15556.

3. Bardet, I., Goudot, P., Kerbrat, J. B., & Mauchamp, O. (2019). Surgery First: prediction for skeletal objectives through structural analysis. Comparison of Sassouni and Delaire analysis. L'Orthodontie francaise, 90 (1), 37–54. doi: 10.1051/orthodfr/2019004.

4. Beltrão, P. (2015). Class III high angle malocclusion treated with orthodontic camouflage (MEAW Therapy). In Issues in Contemporary Orthodontics. IntechOpen. DOI: 10.5772/59511.

5. Beltrão, P. A. (2017). Treatment of Class II Malocclusion (Hypodivergent Face) with MEAW Therapy. In Insights into Various Aspects of Oral Health. IntechOpen. DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69331.

6. Björk, A. (1966). Sutural growth of the upper face studied by the implant method. Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, 24 (2), 109–127. https://doi.org/10.3109/00016356609026122.

7. Caballero-Purizaga, P. J., Arriola-Guillén, L. E., & Watanabe-Kanno, G. A. (2019). Efficiency of ODI and APDI of Kim’s cephalometric analysis in a Latin American population with skeletal open bite. Dental press journal of orthodontics, 24 (3), 46–54. doi: 10.1590/2177-6709.24.3.046-054.oar.

8. Fafat, K. K., & Deoghare, A. M. (2017). A Comparison of Angle’s Class I And Class II Div. 1 Malocclusion With Normal Occlusion in Maharashtrian Population Using Sassouni’s Plus Analysis. IOSR Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences, 16 (7), 76–95. DOI: 10.9790/0853-1607087695.

9. Freundlich, T., Arueste, D., Manríquez, G., & Díaz, A. (2019). Cephalometric comparison between an acromegalic patient and his twin brother. Odontoestomatología [online], 21 (33), 81–88. http://dx.doi.org/10.22592/ode2019n33a10.

10. Gunas, I. V., Chernysh, A. V., Cherkasov, V. G., & Cherkasova, O. V. (2018). Modeling by using regression analysis of teleroentgenographic individual indicators used in the method of Charles J. Burstone. Biomedical and Biosocial Anthropology, 31, 59–65. https://doi.org/10.31393/bba31-2018-08.

11. Gunas, І. V., Dmitriev, M. O., Prokopenko, S. V., Shinkaruk-Dykovytska, M. M., & Yeroshenko, G. A. (2017). Definition regulatory cephalometric options by the method of Tweed international foundation for Ukrainian boys and girls. World of Medicine and Biology, 13 (4), 27–31. DOI: 10.26724/2079-8334-2017-4-62-27-31.

12. Gunas, І. V., Dmitriev, M. O., Tikholaz, V. O., Shinkaruk-Dykovytska, М. М., Pastukhova, V. A., Melnik, М. Р., & Rudiy, Y. I. (2018). Determination of normal cephalometric parameters by J. McNamara method for Ukrainian boys and girls. World of Medicine and Biology, 14 (63), 19–22. DOI 10.26724/2079-8334-2018-1-63-19-22.

13. Jahjah, Y., & Ahmad, S. (2015). Relation between temporomandibular joint and normal growth pattern in female adult (CT scan study). Tishreen University Journal for Research and Scientific Studies – Health Sciences Series, 37 (5), 291–307.

14. Jarabak, J. R., & Fizzell, J. A. (1972). Technique and treatment with light-wire edgewise appliances, ed. 2, St. Louis, The CV Mosby Company. ISBN 9780801624292.

15. Khan, T., & Ahmed, I. (2013). Cephalometric measurments of a Pakistani adult sample according to Jarabak's analysis. JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, 63 (11), 1345–1348.

16. Koncz, B. (2012). Soft tissue, dental and skeletal factors associated with MEAW therapy and their effect on soft tissue profile and anterior tooth display. Eastman Institute for Oral Health Senior Research Project, June, 2012.

17. Liu, Y. P., Behrents, R. G., & Buschang, P. H. (2010). Mandibular growth, remodeling, and maturation during infancy and early childhood. The Angle Orthodontist, 80 (1), 97–105. https://doi.org/10.2319/020309-67.1.

18. Loster, J. E., Williams, S., Wieczorek, A., & Loster, B. W. (2015). The Polish face in profile: a cephalometric baseline study. Head & face medicine, 11 (1), 5. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13005-015-0065-x.

19. Ma, Q. L., Xu, Y., & Zhao, J. L. (2011). Treatment of skeletal class Ⅲ patients of high angle with microscrew implant anchorage and multi loop edge wise arch wire. Journal of Oral Science Research, 27 (6), 488–491.

20. Mahroof, V. (2017). A Cephalometric Analysis for Pakistani Adults Using Jarabak Bjork's Analysis. International medican journal, 24 (1), 128–131.

21. Malik, H., Afridi, S. K., Kamran, M. A., Mahroof, V., Alam, M. K., & Qamruddin, I. (2017). A Cephalometric Analysis for Pakistani Adults Using Jarabak Bjork's Analysis. International Medical Journal, 24 (1), 128–31.

22. Mangla, R., Singh, N., Dua, V., Padmanabhan, P., & Khanna, M. (2011). Evaluation of mandibular morphology in different facial types. Contemporary clinical dentistry, 2 (3), 200–206. doi: 10.4103/0976-237X.86458.

23. Renping, D., & Chunling, W. (2010). Clinical research of MEAW technique applied to the straight wire appliance for the treatment of skeletal class malocclusion. Chinese Journal of Dental Materials and Devices, 1, 2.

24. Rodriguez-Cardenas, Y. A., Arriola-Guillen, L. E., & Flores-Mir, C. (2014). Björk-Jarabak cephalometric analysis on CBCT synthesized cephalograms with different dentofacial sagittal skeletal patterns. Dental press journal of orthodontics, 19 (6), 46–53. doi: 10.1590/2176-9451.19.6.046-053.oar.

25. Rodríguez-Cárdenas, Y. A., Arriola-Guillén, L. E., Dioses-Tume, Z. C., Ruíz-Mora, G. A., & Aliaga-Del Castillo, A. A. (2017). Influence of The Components of Björk-Jarabak Cephalometric Analysis on the Facial Profile. IJO, 28 (4), 36–38.

26. Roldan, S. I., Carvajal, C. M., Rey, D., & Buschang, P. H. (2013). Método de superposición estructural de Björk para evaluar crecimiento y desarrollo craneofacial. (Björk structural superimposition method to evaluate craniofacial growth and development). CES Odontología, 26 (2), 127–133.

27. Sassouni, V. (1955). A roentgenographic cephalometric analysis of cephalo-facio-dental relationships. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, 41 (10), 735–764. doi:10.1016/0002-9416(55)90171-8.

28. Scolozzi, P., Momjian, A., & Courvoisier, D. (2011). Dentofacial deformities treated according to a dentoskeletal analysis based on the divine proportion: are the resulting faces de facto “divinely” proportioned? Journal of Craniofacial Surgery, 22 (1), 147–150. doi: 10.1097/SCS.0b013e3181f6f9cc.

29. Torlakovic, L., & Færøvig, E. (2011). Age-related changes of the soft tissue profile from the second to the fourth decades of life. The Angle Orthodontist, 81 (1), 50–57.

30. Wua, J. Y., Hägg, U., Wongc, R. W., & McGrathd, C. (2010). Comprehensive Cephalometric Analyses of 10 to 14-Year Old Southern Chinese. Open Anthropology Journal, 3, 85–95. https://doi.org/10.2174/1874912701003010085.

31. Ze-tong, Y. (2013). Compare the Efficacy of Micro ImplantAnchorage and Multiloop Edgewise Arch Wire in the Treatment of Deep Overbite Occlusion. Chinese Journal of Medicinal Guide, 15 (4), 622–624.
How to Cite
Vakhovskyi, V. V. (2019). Features of teleroentgenographic indices determined by the methods of Bjork, Sassouni, Jarabak and Kim (scientific literature analysis). Reports of Vinnytsia National Medical University, 23(3), 522-525. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31393/reports-vnmedical-2019-23(3)-30