The problems of food security in Ukraine, improving public health and increasing life expectancy


Keywords: food security, health, life expectancy, purchasing power

Abstract

Nutrition have an important role in the formation and maintenance of health, increasing the life expectancy of a person. The purpose of the work is to consider the state of production and food supply for the population of Ukraine in accordance with rational norms of their consumption. There was a significant decrease in the consumption of the country's population, compared with rational norms, of the most important food products — milk, dairy products, meat and meat products, fruits and berry cropsin during the period of economic reform, which is associated with a decrease in their production volumes. In 2018 the production of animal and poultry meat (in slaughter weight) decreased by 46.0%, milk — by 58.9%, fruits and berry crops by 11.4% compared with 1990. The purchasing power of the population also is low. Therefore, to solve the country's food security problem, it is necessary to develop a targeted program for the development of the country's agro-industrial complex for a long period (10-15 years), pay special attention to the revival of the village, increase the volume of agricultural production and its processing, and ensure economic accessibility to the population in acquiring food.

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Published
2019-09-02
How to Cite
Rudavka, S. (2019). The problems of food security in Ukraine, improving public health and increasing life expectancy. Reports of Vinnytsia National Medical University, 23(3), 495-503. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31393/reports-vnmedical-2019-23(3)-26
Section
SOCIAL MEDICINE, ORGANIZATION OF HEALTH PROTECTION