Bowel decompression in the treatment of patients with acute colonic obstruction


  • V.V. Nepomniashchyi Kharkiv Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education
Keywords: acute obstructive intestinal obstruction, intestinal decompression, degree of compensation of intestinal motility, ultrasound

Abstract

According to literature data acute intestinal obstruction is characterized by a great number of neglected forms comprising 5–70% cases with the given pathology. A number of radiological signs in the way of Kloiber’s bowls and intestinal arches simply confirm this and testify of colon motor activity decompensation. To date there are no objective diagnostic criteria providing indications to intestinal decompression before the operation. Intestinal intubation, its types and indications to its fulfilment are based only on the experience and intuition of the operating surgeon. Aim — to define clinical efficiency of the intestinal wall impaired contractility diagnostics method in the treatment of patients with acute colonic obstruction. Medical histories analysis of 166 patients with obstructive intestinal obstruction was carried out. Assessment of intestinal motor activity compensation was carried out with the help of echographic criteria — the number of enlarged small bowel loops, intestinal lumen width, wall thickness, distance between Kerckring folds, number of peristaltic movements per minute. According to the suggested method 3 groups of patients were distinguished — with compensated motor activity (32 (19%) patients), with sub-compensated motor activity (61 (36.5%) patients) and with intestinal decompensated motor activity (73 (44.4%) patients). Wherein the greater number of patients with obstructive ileus (135 (81%) patients) got into the hospital with sub- and decompensated intestinal motor function. In the group of patients with compensated muscular tone intestinal decompression was not carried out, in the second group with sub-compensated intestinal tone decompression was carried out simultaneously in 13 (7.8%) patients, and in 9 (5.4%) a nasojunal probe was installed for 2–3 days, in the third group intestinal intubation was done in 63 (38%) patients. Post-operative mortality was 3.2%. Thus, echographic criteria allow establishing the degree of intestinal impaired motor function before the operation in patients with acute intestinal obstruction which decompression depends upon its state.

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Published
2019-09-02
How to Cite
Nepomniashchyi, V. (2019). Bowel decompression in the treatment of patients with acute colonic obstruction. Reports of Vinnytsia National Medical University, 23(3), 420-424. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31393/reports-vnmedical-2019-23(3)-14