Modification of laparoscopic catheter setting for peritoneal dialysis in patients with chronic kidney disease
Reducing the complications of the peritoneal dialysis (PD) procedure prolongs its use. The purpose of the work was to justify prolongation of peritoneal dialysis by modifying its setting. The study included 54 patients with chronic renal insufficiency, they carried out laparoscopic setting of PD; 14 patients were with omentopexy and 40 – with a classical statement. The operation was performed under general anesthesia. Surgical tactics were as follows: omentum folds were fixed to the parietal peritoneum; the control catheter was inserted through the window into the mesentery of the colon, and the dialysis portion at the bottom of the pelvis; sutured the window of the mesentery of the colon. Before insertion of the camera port, pneumoperitoneum was induced with a Veress needle, 10 mm below the navel. The pressure of abdominal gas was 12 mm Hg. Art. The point of entry into the abdominal cavity was established by the Hassan method: 5 cm lateral and 7 cm below the navel along the outer edge of the rectus abdominis muscle. A control catheter was inserted into the window under the transverse colon and inflated the balloon, the omentum was fixed to the parietal peritoneum 3 cm above the navel and the window in the colon mesentery was sutured. All early and late postoperative complications of the patients were recorded for 12 months (wound infections, including “tunnel infection”, dialysate leakage past the catheter, obturation of the catheter lumen, loss of tightness of omentoperitoneopexy). The study included 8 men and 6 women, aged from 43 to 76 years, of whom 2 patients had previously been operated on the abdominal organs. The operative intervention time averaged 54,6±15,4 min. No obstruction, catheter migration, or “tunnel infection” was established during the study. We have developed a laparoscopic technique of peritoneopexy of the upper half of the abdominal cavity, which will be used when the resource of the lower half of the abdominal cavity is exhausted and the effectiveness of preventing mechanical complications of the catheter PD has been proven.
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