Mycobacterium of tuberculosis with defective cell wall, determined in the brain of the biological model with spongional changes
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is endowed with resistance to adverse factors and rapidly forms drug resistance. The aim is to study of the connection of tuberculosis infection and the development of brain damage with signs of spongymorphic changes. There were investigated canned 10% formalin fragments of the brain of 2 goats with signs of central nervous system damage by histological, microbiological methods. For microbiological examination, 3–5 years brain samples after were sowed on the MycСel DW nutrient medium with a growth stimulator. The molecular genetic study was performed using a polymerase chain reaction on a Molecular Imager GelDoc TM XR + (BioRad) device. The polypeptide profile was studied electrophoretically. In the goats, who died with symptoms of central nervous system damage, spongiform changes were detected in the brain. In the brain samples, DNA and mycobacterium tuberculosis with a defective cell wall have been detected, accumulation of mycobacterial antigens has been observed in the cells of the brain and in the intercellular space. Despite the fact that brain samples were in 10% formalin for 1 month, 3 years and 5 years, in all cases mycobacterium tuberculosis with a defective cell wall was isolated. Their viability was comparable to the infectiousness of prions. The isolation of mycobacterium tuberculosis with a defective cell wall from the brain did not differ in morphology and polypeptide composition from isolates from tuberculin, FLK-BLV, lymph nodes of cows, patients with tuberculosis. This indicates a high probability that mycobacterial infection, depending on the infectious dose, the characteristics of the strain and host genome, as well as the state of the immune system, can cause oncogenic action, cause active tuberculosis, brain damage, and the cardiovascular system.
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