SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROBLEMS OF DRUG ADDICTION IN UKRAINE AND IMPACT OF IT ON HEALTH OF HUMAN


  • S.I. Rudavka
Keywords: drug addiction, health, lifetime, socio-economic losses, measures to overcome drug addiction.

Abstract

The main factor of the disease of the psyche and the entire human body, which leads to the degradation of the individual, to complete disability and premature death, is the use of drugs. The purpose of the work is to consider the state of drug addiction in Ukraine, impact of it on human health, to determine socio-economic losses from drug use and to outline measures to prevent and combat drug addiction. According to information sources, in Ukraine consumption of drugs are from 1 to 1.5 million people, their number annually increases by 8-10%. This trend is one of the highest in the world. About 1,000 people in the country every year die from drug addiction, and 120,000 people die from drug addiction and related illnesses. 74% of drug addicts do not work or study anywhere. Among drug addicted 2% - students of technical schools and vocational schools, 0.4% - students of higher educational institutions. 70% of drug addicts in Ukraine are young people aged over 25 years. 73% of drug users are urban residents. Drug addicted patients spent significant funds on the purchase drugs and drug addiction dispensaries of the country - on their examination and treatment. So, in order to prevent and prohibition the use drugs by citizens of Ukraine it is necessary in each administrative- territorial region of the country inform the population, especially young people, about the dangers of drug use, and for state authorities need to ensure prevented illicit circulation and distribution the drags in the country.

References

1. VIL v Ukraini poshyriuietsia cherez iniektsii narkotykiv - OON [HIV in Ukraine is spreading through drug injecting - the UN]. Vziato z http:/ /www.bbc .com/ukrainian/health/2013/07/ 130729_un_ukraine_drags_auds_shtml.

2. Vsemirnyj doklad o narkotikah 2017: 29,5 millionov chelovek vo vsem mire stradayut ot fizicheskih rasstrojstv, svyazannyh s upotr ebleniem narkotikov, opoidy yavlyayutsya naibolee vrednymi [W orld Drug Report 2017: 29.5 million people worldwide suffer from physical disorders associated with drug use, the opioids are the most harmful]. Vzyato s https:// www.unodc.org/unodc/ru/f rontpage/2017/June/world-drug- report-2017_-29-5-million-people-globally-suffer-from-drug- use-disorders--opioids-the-most-harmful.html.

3. Gorbatenko L. S., Mak-Kinstri, N., Dronov, D. V., Dronova, N. V. & Nazarova, E. V. (2005). Roditelyam i pedagogam: vsyo o nar komanii. Effektiv nye progr ammy prof ilak tiki, temy i materialy dlya klassnyh zanyatij [Parents and teachers: all about drug addiction. Effective prevention programs, topics and materials for classroom studies]. (2-e izd.). Seriya "Biblioteka shkolnika". Rostov n/D: Feniks.

4. Za materialamy Informatsiinoho upravlinnia aparatu Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy Investytsii v osvitu povynni pratsiuvaty na blaho [4. According to the Information Administration of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, investments in education should work for the benefit]. (2018, traven, 18). Holos Ukrainy - Voice of Ukraine, s. 2.

5. Kurennov, I. P. (2009). Bolshaya enciklopediya narodnoj mediciny [G reat enc yclopedia of traditional medicine]. Moskva: Martin.

6. Malyshev, V. (2011, traven, 25). Poshyrennia narkomanii - zahroza natsionalnii bezpetsi U krainy: deiaki s hliakhy rozviazannia problemy [The spread of drug addiction is a threat to Ukraine's national security: some ways to solve the problem]. Holos Ukrainy - Voice of Ukraine, s. 4.

7. Naboka M. & Shcherstiuk N. V Ukraini - 290 tys. iniektsiinykh narkomaniv [In Ukraine - 290 thousand injecting drug users]. Radio Svoboda - R adio Liberty. V ziato z http:/ life.pravda.com.ua/society/2010/02/3/38965.

8. Narkomaniia v Ukraini [Drug addiction in Ukraine]. Vziato z http://narconon.kiev.ua/uk/narkomaniya-v-ukra%D1%97ni/.

9. Narkomaniya v Ukraine [Drug addiction in Ukraine]. (7 oktyabrya 2013 g.). Problemy segodnya i metody borby s nej [Problems today and methods of dealing with it]. Ezhenedelnik Apteka - Weekly Pharmacy, 39 (910), Взято c https://www.apteka.ua/ category.ua/article/magazine/910.

10. Natsionalnyi zvit za 2017 rik shchodo narkotychnoi sytuatsii v Ukraini (za danymy 2016 roku). Pohlyblenyi ohliad narkosytuatsii v Ukraini dlia Yevropeiskoho monitorynhovoho tsentru z narkotykiv ta narkotychnoi zalezhnosti [National report for 2017 on the narcotic situation in Ukraine (according to 2016). An in-depth review of the drug situation in Ukraine for the European Monitoring Center for Drugs and Drug Addiction]. Vziato z http://www.ummcda.org.ua/index.php/86- natsionalnij-zvit-za-2017-rik-shchodo-narkotichnoji-situatsiji-v- ukrajini-za-danimi-2016-roku

11. Ot narkomanii i svyazannyh s nej boleznej v Ukraine umirayut do 120 tis. chelovek v god [From drug addiction and related diseases in Ukraine, up to 120 thousand people die a year]. Vzyato s https://zn.ua/UKRAINE/ot-narkomanii-i-svyazannyh- s - ney-bolezney-v-ukra ine-umirayut-do-12 0- tysyach- chelovek-v-god\130393_.html.

12. Pandemiia narkozalezhnosti: prychyny y naslidky. Shcho robyty? [P andemic of drug addiction: caus es and consequences. W hat shall I do?]. Vziato z http: // www.eposhta.com/newsmagazine/ePOSHTA 130801 World Ukr.html.

13. Polishchuk, M. (2007, Lystopad 14). Tse povynno obiednaty politykiv ta znaity porozuminnia sered liudei [It should unite politicians and find common ground among people]. Holos Ukrainy - Voice of Ukraine, p. 3.

14. Prestupniki ili pacienty: kak pobedit narkomaniyu v Ukraine. Chto takoe gosudarstvennaya narkopolitika i pochemu ona ne vsegda srabatyvaet [Criminals or patients: how to beat drug addiction in Ukraine. What is a state drug policy and why it does not always work]. Vzyato s https://mind.ua/ru/openmind/ 20182727-prestupniki-ili-pacienty-kak-pobedit-narkomaniyu-v- ukraine.

15. Razanova, Yu. (2018, cherven, 29). Ukraina posidaie pershe mists e u sviti (!) za tempamy poshyrenn ia narkomanii [Ukraine ranks first in the world (!) At the rate of drug addiction]. Vinnychchyna - Vinnytsia region, s.11.

16. Stratehiia polityky shchodo narkotykiv do 2020 r. Skhvaleno rozporiadzhenniam Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrainy vid 28 serpnia 2013 r. №735-r. [Strategy of drug policy till 2020. Approved by the order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine dated August 28, 2013 №735-p.]. Vziato z http://zakon2.rada.gov.ua/ laws/show/735-2013-%D1%80.

17. Uglov, F. G. (1986). Iz plena illyuzij [From the captivity of illusions]. (s. 4-5). L: Lenizdat.

18. Sharkov, O. K. Tse strashne yavyshche - narkomaniia. 26 chervnia - M izhnarodn yi den borotby z z lovzhyvannia narkotykamy [This is a terrible phenomenon - drug addiction. June 26 - International Day Against Drug Abuse]. Vziato z http://kpi.ua/use-nark.

19. Iunak, V. Yu. (2001). Narkomaniia - doroha v bezodniu [Drug addiction is the way to the abyss]. K.: Zdorovia.

20. Iaremenko, O., Vakulenko, O., Zhalilo, L., Komarova, N., Levin, R. & Solonenko, I. (2000). Formuvannia zdorovoho sposobu zhy ttia. V Navc h. posibnyk dlia slukhac hiv kurs iv pidvyshchennia kvalifik atsii derzhavnyk h sluzhbovts iv [Formation of a healthy lifestyle. In The curriculum A guide for students in advanced training courses for civil servants]. Kyiv: Ukrainskyi instytut sotsialnykh doslidzhen.
Published
2018-12-28
How to Cite
Rudavka, S. (2018). SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROBLEMS OF DRUG ADDICTION IN UKRAINE AND IMPACT OF IT ON HEALTH OF HUMAN. Reports of Vinnytsia National Medical University, 22(4), 752-759. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31393/reports-vnmedical-2018-22(4)-31