Choice of tactics of surgical treatment of acute cholecystitis and its complications
Acute cholecystitis ranks second in the incidence of urgent surgical diseases in hospitals in Ukraine. Despite a marked improvement in the treatment results, the lethality after emergency operations (9,4-37%) for acute cholecystitis complicated by peritonitis remains several times higher than with routine surgical interventions. Objectives — development of rational surgical tactics and evaluation of the effectiveness of treatment of acute cholecystitis and its complications in patients of different age groups, with different pathomorphological forms of acute cholecystitis. The result of treatment of 203 patients was presented: 75 (37,5%) were operated on an emergency basis, 73 (36,5%) urgently, and 52 (26%) in a deferred period. 173 (86.5%) patients were operated using laparoscopic technologies. Intraoperative cholangiography was performed in 16 (9,3%) patients during laparoscopic interventions. In 17 (8,5%) patients, “open” operations were performed. All patients underwent drainage of the abdominal cavity with one or more drains in view of the presence of peritonitis. The average duration of the preoperative period was 1.5 days, the total duration of treatment with LC was 4.5 days, and the total duration of treatment with OC was 10.8 days. So, in the early stages of the development of acute cholecystitis, laparoscopic cholecystectomy is effective. The use of lifting systems for laparoscopic cholecystectomy is advisable in elderly and senile patients, with concomitant diseases of the heart and lungs.
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