Retrospective analysis of risk factors for occurrence of pancreatic fistula in patients following pancreaticoduodenectomy


  • K.G. Valikhnovska
Keywords: periampullary tumors, surgical treatment, pancreatic fistula, pancreatic resection

Abstract

Pancreaticoduodenectomy still is a “gold standard” in treatment of hepatopancreaticobiliary tumors. The causes of pancreatic fistula were analyzed in 414 patients aged from 22 to 81 following pancreaticoduodenectomy due to periampullary tumors. The said patients were operated on during the period from 2008 to 2017. The aim of this study is to improve outcomes of pancreatic resection based on a retrospective analysis of the causes of postoperative pancreatic fistulae and the development of a range of measures to prevent the above complication. Influence of risk factors of pancreatic fistula formation was evaluated by Pirson’s method (χ2). The factors contributing to the occurrence of pancreatic fistulas included type of resection (Whipple pancreaticoduodenectomy, pylorus preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy; χ2=8.616,1, p=0.0033, p<0.01), kind of pathology (cancer of the pancreatic head; χ2=7.658,1, p=0.0057, p<0.01), type of pancreaticojejunostomy (invaginative pancreatic duct-jejunostomy; χ2=17.83,1, p=0.0001, p<0.001) and technique for drainage of the major pancreatic duct (pancreaticojejunostomy on external drainage; χ2=16.40,1, p=0.0001, p<0.001). The detailed study of risk factors for the occurrence of pancreatic fistula is essential for improving the prognosis, prophylaxis and treatment of this pathology. The quality of the surgical intervention and the course of the postoperative period in patients with periampullary tumors depend on the choice of resection type, techniques for surgical interventions on the pancreas.

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Published
2018-09-28
How to Cite
Valikhnovska, K. (2018). Retrospective analysis of risk factors for occurrence of pancreatic fistula in patients following pancreaticoduodenectomy. Reports of Vinnytsia National Medical University, 22(3), 436-441. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31393/reports-vnmedical-2018-22(3)-07