Approaches to optimization of mastering of the discipline “Microbiology, virology and immunology”
The purpose of general microbiology is to study the morphology and physiology of microorganisms, the effect of external factors and their variability, diagnosis of diseases. This knowledge is important not only in the study of infection, but also in internal diseases sciences, surgery, gynecology, dermatology, etc. The objective of the work is to present methodological approaches to the teaching of medical microbiology to students of the National Pirogov Memorial Medical University. In our opinion, the methodical and informative developments practical classes in some form of basic program contribute to facilitated understanding and obtaining of the knowledge in microbiology by students. Each methodological development includes the relevance of the topic, the general purpose and specific goals, the main and additional literature. An important role in the mastery of discipline plays the workbook developed by the department for self-training and conducting practical exercises for microbiology, virology and immunology. It contains a thematic plan of practical classes on microbiology, virology and immunology for students of the medical faculty (specialty “Medicine”) and a thematic plan for non-auditing work of students. A protocol has been developed for each topic of every lesson, which includes a list of key issues to be studied and recommended literature. For self-control test tasks from data bank “Krok-1” and situational tasks are presented. Promising to improve the teaching of medical microbiology is the introduction of various methodological materials, one of which is a workbook for practical classes. This is important for the students to independently study material of instruction to use methodical manuals that give an opportunity to increase the efficiency of its learning and to restore knowledge from previous topics, integrated with those who study. The use of a workbook greatly improves the efficiency of practical work, as it contains the briefest information on the implementation of laboratory studies. When preparing the theoretical material, it is easier for students to master the key issues of the topics that will be considered during practical classes. Thus, the continuous improvement of the methods of teaching the subject and assimilation by the students of the program, can increase the level of knowledge on microbiology that will be required for the future doctor for the consistent and targeted possession of diagnostic techniques and the correct purpose of treatment.
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