Optimization of styles and methods of teaching discipline “Psychiatry, Addictology” through the prism of transactional analysis
The article argues the multifactoriality of obtaining knowledge and intensification of the educational process from transactional analysis and integrative pedagogy points of view. The importance of optimization of teaching methods for obtaining professional skills and personal development of students is argued. Different strategies and models of education are given, their psychosocial impact on the effectiveness of students' professional development in relation to the teaching and educational process, as well as the formation of their style of work in the future are considered. The urgency of optimization and intensification of the educational process in higher educational establishments of the medical profile is undoubted. The search for new variants of the pedagogical interventions for the formation and further development of competent specialists who would be able to use all their professional potential to provide quality medical care to the population, improvement of already existing methods of teaching disciplines, as well as the development of adequate and differentiated approaches to learning are at the center of attention. The experience of group processes helps to create necessary space for the effective growth and changes. Teaching and learning groups provide the opportunity to learn, build skills and promote a personal development. A teacher has a profound influence on the self-esteem of students in teaching, as well as on the strategies and models they will use in the course of training and professional processes, as the success of the experience in the educational group has a significant impact on the educational process and also forms the future style of work. Each teacher has his own learning style, which he prefers. The data also allow us to understand how a teacher as a group leader can behave in the most effective way in complex, conflict situations that may occur in the learning process at certain stages. Conclusions from these pedagogical strategies help to explain some certain complex moments of the learning process and allow to find the way to manage all aspects of it helping to set up more effective communication in a group, thereby finding more satisfactory and successful interpersonal relationships between group members. The given data allow to optimize the results of the educational process and to achieve its better efficiency.
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