Comparative clinical characteristics aspect of treatment transversal anomalies using myofunctional equipment
According to the national and foreign scientists data jaw-teeth anomalies diagnosed in 50-70% of childhood and adulthood patients [Персин 1998; Персин 2001]. In the structure of transversal anomalies in children and adults dominate cases of narrowing of the maxilla (54,8%), dental crowding (44,7% ) and variety of oblique bite (21,1%). With increasing of age of the surveyed noted an increase in the tendency to crowding of the teeth (65,5%) which indicates the transition anomalies in more severe forms of it and absence tendency to self-regulation. Nonconformance between teeth-antagonists in transversal plane leads eventually to a breach of chewing function, resulting displacement of cosmetic center. This leads to undesirable consequences. Transversal anomalies of bite take leading place in orthodontics because in their treatment great importance is the knowledge and understanding of the etiology and pathogenesis of this disease [Хорошилкина, 1996].